TAPPI Standards* are developed through the consensus of a technical working group acting in accordance with the procedures described in our guidelines.

TAPPI Technical Information Papers (TIPs) are documents containing specialized information (e.g., data, software, calculations) used in the manufacture, evaluation and description of pulp, paper, and related products, written in a standardized format which is readily useable by the industry.

Useful Methods (UMs) describe tests, procedures, or practices written in the same general style as a Standard, but without the vigorous precision requirements. Because they do not qualify as Standards, UMs do not undergo the same review-by-consensus process.